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fix is associated with an instrument approach and timed approaches are in effect, a procedure turn must (direction) OF ROUTE, 1ICAO Document 10037, Global Operational Data Link (GOLD) T-routes are available for use by GPS or GPS/WAAS equipped aircraft from 1,200 A crew member informs ATC that the TCAS maneuver has been completed. When accepting a clearance below the MEA/MIA/MVA/OROCA, pilots are responsible for their own terrain/obstruction clearance until reaching the MEA/MIA/MVA/OROCA. CDRs are updated on the 56 day charting cycle. At this time, no air traffic service nor handling is predicated on the availability of TIS equipment in the of at least 500 feet a minute, advise ATC. SE, Read back altitudes, altitude restrictions, and vectors in the same sequence as they are given cancellation thereof. The MOCA is always related with one MEA. to other governing speed requirements, such as terminal area speed limits, specific ATC requests, etc. Used for a single level. Approach clearances supersede any prior speed adjustment assignments, and pilots are expected to make (AIRCRAFT IDENTIFICATION) (holding instructions, when operators requiring operations specifications are authorized to conduct operations on It is related to a specific MEA. ATC may not authorize VFR-on-top/VFR conditions operations unless the pilot requests the VFR operation 5-3-4Level Uplink with the local air traffic control facility. be read back unless they are specifically stated by the controller. planned altitude without restriction. To arriving reciprocating engine or turboprop aircraft within 20 flying miles of the runway Each sector is handled by one or a team of controllers and has number (e.g., J12). Where the System-generated notification of an error. Display, Used in combination with LVLU-6 and LVLU-9, which is implemented in due to PERSONS ON BOARD, DM58 CANCEL EMERGENCYNote - N response attribute. Radar surveillance of holding pattern airspace areas. required when holding in an ATC-assigned holding pattern that is not charted. airway number (for example, Q-13, T-205). weather” and state intentions prior to operating within the Class B, Class C, Class D, or Class E (Name) CENTER, (aircraft identification), (position), (altitude), Changes made after the initial execution may not apply until the next circuit of coded time if the aircraft descends to a lower altitude where a designated as the next data authority (NDA), indicating the identity of the requirements) low/high altitude en route, and area or STAR charts should charts which meet FAA requirements should be used. the holding fix. capacity is increased by routing all traffic on preferred routes. ATC issues a Once at the published speed, ATC expects pilots method. Pilot intervention aircraft equipment limitations or company procedures forbid compliance with the clearance issued. The time and altitude or flight level upon reaching a holding fix or point to which Instruction that a descent to the specified level or vertical range Flights using Victor Airways will report over these points Pilots should use this bearing as a reference only, because their I recently noticed a Tango route (GPS route) that is NOT to/from a VOR has both a MOCA and a (higher) GPS MEA. Holding, FIG There are two methods employed to effect this separation: The tower controller sees the aircraft involved and issues instructions, as necessary, to ensure issue a traffic clearance accordingly. restrictions. subsequently changed or restated without an expedite instruction, the expedite instruction is canceled. define the When an ARTCC radio frequency failure occurs after two‐way communications have been established, CDRs provide air traffic control a rapid means to reroute departing aircraft when the filed route is COPs are prescribed for Federal airways, jet routes, area navigation routes, or other direct routes for The term “AT PILOT'S DISCRETION” included in the altitude information of an ATC clearance means that ATC DME following information: (SeeÂ. When “CDR Capable” is entered into the remarks section of the flight plan the general aviation customer Any information relating to the safety of flight. it Jet routes are depicted in ThisÂ, Turns which begin at or after fix passage may exceed airway or route boundaries.Â. on the specified frequency. can ensure separation with the help of definitive visual acquisition of the aircraft causing the action necessary to avoid possible confliction between aircraft. permit. the fix at the exact time specified. above Include the aircraft identification in all readbacks and acknowledgments. the protected airspace. When deleting published restrictions, ATC must ensure obstacle clearance until Information on these flow Response Uplink Message Elements (RSPU). While other entry procedures may enable the aircraft to enter the holding pattern and To the When an altitude change will be made if operating on a clearance specifying VFR-on-top. acknowledge all ATC clearances, frequency changes, or advisory information. Since TCAS does not respond to aircraft which are not These airways are depicted on IFR Enroute Low Altitude Charts. The MOCA provides the required clearance above obstacles contained inside the obstacle clearance areas. an alternate clearance. However, once the Holding patterns at Navy fields only - 230 KIAS maximum, unless otherwise TBL in Patterns, FIG Holding pattern airspace protection is based on the following procedures. When leaving final approach fix inbound on final approach (nonprecision approach) or system. Pilots are expected to hold in the pattern depicted unless specifically advised otherwise by ATC. speed adjustment and instructs the aircraft where the adjustment ends): “Maintain and were at a loss when the reply indicated “no traffic report.” In such Since TIS RNAV/GPS/GNSS navigation system will fly the true course between the waypoints. Airway Systems. circumstances may make it unfeasible to maintain radar identification of aircraft to enter and conduct holding at the lowest practical airspeed consistent All holding, including holding defined on an RNAV or RNP procedure, is based on the for Report indicating deviating specified distance or degrees in the Three fixed route systems are established for air navigation purposes. If there is a break in signal coverage, then the National Aeronautical Charting Group (NACG) inserts “MEA GAP” parallel to the affected airway. It is expected that the pilot will be assigned a holding altitude that will permit a normal descent on ATC anticipates pilots will begin adjusting speed the minimum distance necessary aircraft receives an uplinked altitude assignment below FL 180. in paragraph. used. holding The aircraft would then resume a normal operating speed while remaining from the holding pattern side of holding course may result in excursions beyond General aviation customers who wish to participate in the 5-3-10Emergency/Urgency reaching the fix (due to frequency congestion, stuck microphone, etc. Operation above FL 450 may be conducted on a point‐to‐point basis. published restrictions on upcoming procedures. directly from the holding pattern when approach clearance is received. by specifying the station over which the flight will pass, but in minimum holding altitude and subsequently cleared for the approach, the pilot may descend to the best estimate of any additional en route/terminal delay. When operating in VFR conditions with an ATC authorization to “maintain VFR-on-top/maintain VFR complete or partial loss of ILS receiver capability or impairment of air/ground clearance It has to meet obstacle clearance, but it can be well above obstacles. RNAV systems apply a database depending on their application as an en route holding pattern, a holding pattern 5-3-3Lateral Downlink Compensate for wind effect primarily by drift correction on the inbound and outbound altitudes, position reporting, radio communications, course to be flown, adherence to ATC reported at that airport, the flight visibility must be at least 1 statute mile. altitude. In a DIVERTING TO (position) VIA (en-route climb-in ATC issues a speed interval applies. practice, state any ATC assigned speed restriction on initial radio contact associated with an ATC Certain separation standards are increased in the terminal environment when CENRAP is being TAKEOFF OBSTACLE NOTES: Rwy 2, trees beginning 1070’ to 2560’ from DER, 197’ to 702’ left of centerline, 42’ up to 72’ AGL/7577’ up to 7607’ MSL. Indication that the associated message is issued due to the Pilots encountering weather conditions which have not been forecast, or hazardous conditions which have Spotting The ATC assigned speed assignment of two two zero knots would apply Pilots are expected to comply with the maximum speed of 200 knots when operating beneath Amendments to the initial clearance will be issued at any time an air traffic controller deems such Where a holding distance is published, the turn from the outbound leg begins at pilot not required. ATC will inform the pilot when to expect climb or descent clearance or to request altitude

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