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Integrated Circuits Fourth Generation (1971-Present) Microprocessors The microprocessor brought the fourth generation of computers, as thousands of integrated circuits were built onto a single silicon chip. If you are having this processor generation in your laptop then you can use an extra-large collection of data. Solution(By Examveda Team) The microprocessor brought the fourth generation of computers, as thousands of integrated circuits were built onto a single silicon chip.What in the first generation filled an entire room could now fit in the palm of the hand. Economical and reduced in size, the microcomputers extend to the industrial market. This Intel Generation Processor is awesome for gaming and multi-tasking. The journey of fourth generation computers where started with the invention of microprocessor. They were operated by specialized technicians, who often dressed in white lab coats and were commonly referred to as a computer priesthood. This was the period during 1971 to 1973 of microprocessor’s history. Fifth Generation 64-bit Microprocessor; The fifth-generation microprocessor or 64-bit microprocessors were introduced in 1995 and they are being used till now. Generation of Microprocessor 1st Generation. Computer - Computer - The personal computer revolution: Before 1970, computers were big machines requiring thousands of separate transistors. 5th Generation: From 1995 to until now this generation has been bringing out high-performance and high-speed processors that make use of 64-bit processors. The fourth generation computers used LSI (Large Scale Integration) and VLSI (Very Large Scale Integration) technology. Fourth Generation of Computers (1971 – Present): Microprocessor. The microprocessor is a silicon chip contains millions of transistors that was designed using LSI and VLSI technology. Thousands of integrated circuits were built onto a single silicon chip. The first generation filled an entire room, but now a computer can fit in the palm of the hand. 8 th Generations Intel Processors. The chip-maker developed the Intel 4004 chip in 1971, which positioned all computer components (CPU, memory, input/output controls) onto a single chip. This is such an advanced generation of processors and is the king of all. What filled a room in the 1940s now fit in the palm of the hand. All types of High level languages can be used in this type of computers; Disadvantages. This revolution can be summed in one word: Intel. Such processors include Pentium, Celeron, Dual and … The Intel Pentium processors were based on 64-bit architecture. Computers for the first time became accessible to a mass audience because they were smaller and cheaper than their predecessors. 1972 – 2010: Fourth Generation – Microprocessors. In the fourth generation of computers there was a radical change that marked a before and after in the technological revolution, all this due to the arrival of microprocessors that meant a great advance of microelectronics.These are fast, high-density integrated circuits. A single silicon chip that contain thousands of integrated circuits forms a microprocessor. Using LSI and VLSI technology thousands of transistors are integrated on a small silicon chip. The machines were expensive and difficult to use. The microprocessor brought the fourth generation of computers. In 1971, INTEL created the first microprocessor 4004 that would run at a clock speed of 108 KHz.With only 4 bits as the word size, the 4004 could only represent signed numbers in the range -8 to +7, which is indeed very small. The microprocessor is a multipurpose, clock-driven, register-based, digital integrated circuit that accepts binary data as input, processes it according to instructions stored in its memory, and provides results (also in binary form) as output. Fifth Generation Computers (Present & Beyond) Scientists are working hard on the 5 th generation computers with quite a few breakthroughs. The latest technology is required for manufacturing of Microprocessors. 4th Generation: From 1981 to 1995 this generation developed 32-bit microprocessors by using HCMOS fabrication. A microprocessor is a computer processor that is implemented on a single (or more) integrated circuit (IC) of MOSFET construction. INTEL-80386 and Motorola’s 68020/68030 were the popular processors.

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